Crimes against humanity at European borders: Conclusion of the Hearing of Barcelona of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal on Sites without Rights

Barcelona, July 12, 2018. – The Third Hearing of the Session of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal (PPT) on the violation with impunity of the human rights of migrants and refugees Peoples, took place on June 29, 30 and 1 of July in Barcelona. After examining cases of human rights violations in the axis of Gender and Sexual Diversity, Minors and Youth and the Southern Border, presented by organizations of migrants and refugees, organizations active in solidarity and research centres, the conclusions of the six judges of the Court are blunt: crimes against humanity are being committed on European borders. The responsible are both the European Union and the Member States, with the aggravating circumstance that there is a strategy of non-recognition of the facts and guarantees of impunity for the individuals and institutions responsible.

Jara Henar, Alianza por la Solidaridad

The Permanent Peoples Tribunal Hearing on Sites Without Rights  (PPT) was convened and prepared by dozens of organizations of migrants and refugees and other civil society organizations and was attended by a jury composed only of women, all experts of national and international recognition: Teresa Almeida, Bridget Anderson, Marina Forti, Patricia Orejudo, Laia Serra and Stasa Zajovic.

On June 29, the Hearing was inaugurated with the presence of the City Council of Barcelona (Jaume Asens, Deputy Mayor and M. Dolores López, Commissioner of Immigration, Interculturality and Diversity), as well as representatives of the convening organizations at the international level (Jille Belisario of the Transnational Migrant Platform-Europe and Federico Pacheco of the European Coordination of La Vía Campesina). Lamine Sarr also participated on behalf of the Popular Union of Street Vendors and the Migrant Tancada of Barcelona, ​​Gianni Tognoni, Secretary General of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal and Brid Brennan, of the Transnational Institute.


Jaume Asens said that “the 100 people killed today in the Mediterranean tell us of a common grave, they point out political responsibilities in a context of a Human Rights crisis.” Lamine Sarr recalled that migrants have much more difficulty crossing the borders than commercial goods. Federico Pacheco observed that “the discourse that justifies racism and colonialism is carried out by all the countries of the European Union, justifying measures that seek more effective expulsion mechanisms, while Europe violates the international law letting people die at sea“. Jille Belisario stressed that the Session “seeks to advance towards the recognition of humanity and dignity of migrants and refugees, but also to make visible their participation as subjects of full rights in the development of alternatives towards a more just society“. Brid Brennan remarked that “these PPT Hearings have developed a great meeting space between migrants and refugees who are themselves transnational political agents and who bring us the challenge of building new solidarities from within Fortress Europe“.


The Hearing was introduced by Juan Hernández Zubizarreta and Beatriz Plaza, who linked the essential elements of the PPT General Indictment established in 2017, with the axes of the Hearing of Barcelona (Gender and Sexual Diversity, Minors and Youth and the Southern Border). In particular, they denounced the Spanish Immigration Law and the Citizen Security Law that criminalize migrants. They also highlighted the European necropolitics, at the core of the violation with impunity of rights, and that consists of letting people die. The Secretary General of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal recalled the process of the PPT Session, noting that in the previous hearings (Palermo, December 2017 and Paris, January 2018), the documentation and legal qualification of the European policies had been made. He affirmed that the deaths caused by European necropolitics are the result of a war that the European Union and member countries have declared on migrants and refugees, and that the agreements of European governments are creating a parallel Law that violates international treaties and consolidates authentic systemic crimes.


In the Axis on Gender and Sexual Diversity that was introduced by Carmen Miguel Juan, the cases were prepared and presented by: Ca la Dona, Entrepobles, Mujeres migrantes diversas, ACATHI, Stop Maremortum, Yo sí sanidad universal/PASUCAT, No muri No recinti, Women’s Link, Casa Delle Donne, Non Una di Meno Genova, APDHA, KASAPI & MELISSA-Grecia, Waling-Waling Campaign for Rights of Migrant Domestic Workers-UK, Women in Exile, Centro Filipino de Barcelona, Mujeres pa’lante, Alianza contra la Pobreza Energética, Unitat Contra el Feixsme i el Racisme (UCFR). From the framework established in the introduction in which it was expressed to what extent migration and refuge legislation are “gender blind”, a series of consequences were deployed in the form of specific violations against women. The recognition of the right to international protection focused on cases in which violations occur in the public space and by a state agent, relegates to the background many of the causes that women flee from, considered as “domestic “or” cultural “. On the other hand, the link between temporary residence and the employment contract does not take into account the nature of the care work which is frequently the only work that migrant women can access. In terms of traffic violence, cases were presented about the reality that prevails in Italy, Greece, Germany, Morocco and the Spanish State. There is often a continuum of violence suffered by migrant and refugee women in their countries of origin, in the transit to European borders and once established in European countries, through their work, often invisible in homes or in agricultural fields combined with the problems they face in accessing health, housing and energy.  The case of LGBTI persons was also presented in the Axis. These are targets in the countries of origin of homicides, sexual and gender-based violence, torture and arbitrary detentions. In transit, they are victims of many kinds of rights violations and once within European borders, an adapted framework that can ensure their protection is not available.

Cas de Isla Mar (Sra. Estefanny Molina, Women’s Link)


The Axis of Minors and Youth was introduced by Raquel Prado, and the cases were presented by the Espacio del Inmigrante and the Centro Filipino of Barcelona. The situation of denial of the right to protection experienced by people under 18 years of age was highlighted, despite the fact that they are ensured protection by more than one hundred norms of international law, almost all of which have been signed and ratified by the EU and its member states. In particular, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Girl stands out. Migrant minors travel unaccompanied, or are separated in transit to European borders. Many disappear, victims of human trafficking, prostitution, exploitation, slavery, without States assuming their responsibilities to search for these new disappeared. It was reported that the States do not ensure access to a dignified and full life for young people who reach the age of majority, on equal terms with the rest of young people.

The South Border Axis was presented by Bru Aguiló of Fotomovimiento, and the cases were prepared by: NOVACT, Sindicato Popular de Vendedores Ambulantes, Alianza por la Solidaridad, Observatori DESC, Fotomovimiento, Collectif Des Femmes Migrantes Au Maroc   COFMIMA, Women’s Link, SOS Racisme, Centre Delàs, Tanquem els CIEs, Alianza por la Solidaridad, APDHA, Women’s Link, IRIDIA, ELIN. The presentation of the Axis was framed as a Site without Rights, in which prevail: plunder, colonization, neocolonization, imperialism and neo-imperialism, as well as a deep institutional racism. The narratives moved from the spaces without rights that appear before crossing the borders and, in passing through them, further spaces without rights are reached – that are built around migrants in our cities through institutional racism. Compelling documentation was presented on the numbers of the people who continue to arrive – showing the failure of the push-back policy. From January 1 to June 10, 2017, comparing with the same period in 2018, the arrivals were multiplied by two, reaching the figure of 9315 in 2018. The deaths and disappearances multiplied by four. In the whole of the Mediterranean Sea, more than 14,000 people died or disappeared since 2014. Through the Mediterranean routes in general, it is estimated that more than 42,000 people arrived on European territory, and that only in 2017, 10,000 were returned to Libya.

In the cases and testimonies presented, the violation of rights in Morocco, in the maritime borders and the fence was highlighted.  For example, through the case of Tarajal (that led to the death of 15 people on February 6, 2014), the case of women from Isla del Mar or other direct testimonies, a series of inhumane practices-including extra judicial killings by agents of the Spanish State were exposed. These complaints were extended to the Centres for Internment for Foreigners (CIEs), along with raids of ethnic profiling or bureaucratic obstacles to achieving regularization, contribute to keeping migrants in a position of vulnerability that facilitates their labour exploitation and silence. In addition, it was also exposed that one of the pillars of architecture that ensures impunity in the violation of the rights of migrant and refugee peoples is located in outsourcing to private actors, many of them being transnational corporations. In this regard, the business carried out by corporations active in the military and security sectors was highlighted, and the case of INDRA was specifically illustrated. In this case, the co-responsibility of the Spanish government, which owns 18.7% of the company’s shares, was evidenced. INDRA was denounced for having built the third fence on the border of Melilla, and also for the production of military equipment used by Saudi Arabia in Yemen. It was also indicated that INDRA and other counterpart military corporations, have influenced the development of the current eminently militarised policy response to the ‘migration crisis’ by the European Union and the Spanish Government to the “migration crisis” is eminently militarized.

Organizations of migrants played a central role in the Hearing. Not only in the recognition of the violations and oppressions suffered but also in terms of the resistance generated in the face of such violations. This became evident in the form of diverse narratives and self-organized actions, ranging from the demands for their rights, such as organizations of domestic workers active in the care sector (Waling-Waling, Mujeres migrantes diversas), to denunciation and the mutual support in situations that violate law (Women in Exile). In addition, it is important to highlight the importance of the economic alternatives proposed by the associations and cooperatives of the Popular Union of Street Vendors, which recently launched its “Top Manta” “clothing” anti-brand, or the MELISSA-Greece proposal, made up of women from more than 45 nationalities that provide solutions to unaccompanied minors and multiple forms of solidarity. One of the main contributions of the PPT Session is to contribute to the visibility of the social contribution that these resistances generate, interwoven with traditional social struggles. In this context the representative of Waling Waling said “our transnational campaign for our labour rights is one of our great contributions in this era to unionism in Britain.”


After careful listening to the living stories for two days, and gathering the main ideas of the testimonies, the Judges of the Court expressed their deep appreciation for the courage, forcefulness and commitment of the people and organizations that presented the cases. They affirmed that crimes against humanity are being committed on European borders, and that both the European Union and the Member States are responsible.


Patricia Orejudo observed “we have heard many life stories plagued by violence, brutality and denial of rights. What is common to all of them is that they have been produced by the forced location of these people in Non-Right Spaces. The first cause of these spaces is that the law itself discriminates and dispossesses of rights “. She also noted that “No Right” is created because of the lack of visibility of the needs and particularities of all people. After its supposed neutrality, there is an androcentric configuration that hinders the exercise of rights by women, girls, and the LGBT collectives. “The Immigration Law is androcentric, when it ignores the specificity of domestic work or care, exercised fundamentally by women and in a significant percentage, migrant women.” Therefore, flexible concepts that mitigate the inter-sectionality of discrimination are required. She also stressed that the Spaces of “No Law” are generated when laws are not applied and that spaces of impunity and denial of justice are opened. Finally, she noted that the creation of these spaces is the prelude to more areas of “No Right”, and that if this is not remedied, the denial of rights will be extended to all people.


Laia Serra considered the Permanent Peoples Tribunal as a tool for the recognition of violations, the visibility of systematic patterns of violence, the creation of new political and legal categories and the opportunity to denounce, symbolic reparation, as well as a space for meeting to weave alliances. She emphasized the timeliness of the Hearing in terms of going beyond the debate between the legal and the legitimate, the legality versus justice. She also noted how the border has become a concept based on segregation, which legitimizes the maintenance of privileges, a kind of “new Apartheid”, where people who have citizenship and those who do not have citizenship are faced with it. She pointed out that ” an invisibility prevails regarding  European wealth and welfare state being built on exploitation, plundering and violence towards other peoples” and continues within the framework of a Historical Debt, in which Europe has “responsibility for the extermination of Peoples and cultures, and the depredation of their resources”. She also affirmed that the basis of current migration policies is the capitalist economic mode and also spoke about social fascism, while “a discourse continues that banalizes violence, claims the legitimacy of the external threat and the need for protection.”


Teresa Almeida highlighted the current prevalence of social fascism, which manifests itself as a regime of culture and civilization, where the notions of justice, equity, university and solidarity lose all meaning. In this regime, social and labour relations are permeated with segregation, violence, precariousness and indifference and democracy empties itself of meaning, ceasing to recognize all people as subjects of rights. “What has been reported here has not only been indifference to the desperation and death of the people, but also the harassment and criminalization of migrants and those who support them,” she said. She also stressed that “not only is it allowed but also the agents that have the capacity to cause harm to migrants are encouraged, within the framework of the agreements signed with countries in transit such as Morocco, Libya and Turkey, and that they act as gate-keepers who prevent the entry into Europe of the most horrible forms we can imagine”. She also underlined the need to establish resistance networks that counteract the militarization and securitization of “Fortaleza Europe”, and that can take the form of establishing spaces such as the Session of the Permanent Tribunal of the Peoples, the creation of refuge-cities, among others.


Bridget Anderson affirmed that “migrants are not the problem, the problem is Europe“. She stressed that the current situation of these people exposes the patriarchal and anti-women nature of society that exists in Europe. “The negative aspects of Europe are closely linked to capitalism, they are not simply bad attitudes, but rather domination, expropriation and business, both economically and socially“. She pointed out the importance of the alternatives that migrants develop in the “No Right” Spaces, turning borders into spaces where politics is made. In this regard, she highlighted the importance of initiatives such as the Popular Union of Street Vendors in Barcelona and the Elin Center for the reception of migrants. She also observed that we should stop considering migrants as victims that we should help, and rather recognize them as agents from whom we have much to learn. She recalled that we should continue to demand that the European Commission introduce the free movement of people, stop outsourcing the management of borders, and ensure free and secure routes and legal channels to enter Europe. Clear demands should also be made on the role of the transnational corporations and to some of the humanitarian organisations that work closely with the police and the army to implement a policy of exclusion and expulsion. On the other hand, she affirmed that trade unions should be questioned, because they recognize only formal work, while they should support the development of new organizations of more inclusive workers. Finally, she recommended that abuses and exploitation of migrants be linked to the benefits of transnational corporations.


Marina Forti observed that the media have an important responsibility in spreading a narrative based on notions such as “emergency” or “migratory crisis”, frequently spreading negative stereotypes about migrants and their organizations. She recommended in that sense the importance to work on an alternative story, and the role that the press can play in that regard. She stressed that “the speeches of emergency, crisis and invasion are part of a deliberate construction of the politics of fear and hatred.” “Fundamental rights are lost in the fences and borders, they disappear in the camps in transit, and they sink in the Mediterranean”. Finally, she recalled the importance of organizations of migrants and of organized civil society in the restoration of “Law Spaces”, where solidarity is kept alive.


Stasa Zajovic referred to the closure of the Balkan route and the situation of complete violation of rights there. She also highlighted the importance of collecting data on the institutional narratives of the European Union that advocate that these situations occur and that, in addition, are being normalized.


The Secretary General of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal, Gianni Tognoni, concluded that the crimes against humanity reported to this Hearing of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal have “the aggravating effect of a strategy of not recognizing the facts and guaranteeing impunity for the individuals and institutions responsible”.


The next Audience of the Session of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal will take place in London in October 2018 and will focus on Labour rights. The PPT’s final hearing will take place at the beginning of 2019.


Gianni Tognoni (Italia)

Doctor of medicine and surgery, since 1969 he has undertaken basic, clinical, epidemiological and public health research in some of the most critical fields of medicine, such as cardiology, intensive therapy, neurology, psychiatry and oncology, publishing results in more than 600 articles in the most prestigious international journals and being responsible for leadership in various departments, currently with Mario Negri Sud Consortium. Among his activities he is a WHO consultant for the selection of essential medicines, founding member of the international society for independent information on pharmaceuticals, coordinator of projects on community epidemiology in countries in Central and Latin America, as well as some in Africa. From his collaboration with the second Russell Tribunal to scientific activities he has actively worked in the fields of human rights, right to health, and rights of peoples.  Since its establishment in 1979, he has been Secretary-general of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal.


Simona Fraudatario (Italia)

She has worked with the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal since 2006 as coordinator of its activities and Sessions held in Latin America and Asia, especially in Colombia, Mexico, India, Cambodia, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Recently, she has coordinated the second step of the Session on the violation of the human rights of migrants and refugee people, realized in Palermo in December 2017. She participated in international conferences on human rights in Latin America and Europa. She edited the second edition of François Rigaux’s volume on the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Peoples (La Carta di Algeri, Edizioni Gruppo Abele, 2012) and was co-editor and co-author of the volume Colombia entre violencia y derecho. Implicaciones de una sentencia del Tribunal Permanente de los pueblos (Ediciones DesdeAbajo 2012). She was also co-author of Memorie di repressione resistenza e solidarietà in Brasile e in America Latina (Ediesse 2013).



Bridget Anderson (UK)

Bridget Anderson is Professor of Migration and Citizenship and Research Director at COMPAS. She has a DPhil in Sociology and previous training in Philosophy and Modern Languages. She has explored the tension between labour market flexibilities and citizenship rights, and pioneered an understanding of the functions of immigration in key labour market sectors. She is the author of Us and Them? The Dangerous Politics of Immigration Controls (Oxford University Press, 2013) and Doing the Dirty Work? The Global Politics of Domestic Labour (Zed Books, 2000). She coedited Who Needs Migrant Workers? Labour Shortages, Immigration and Public Policy with Martin Ruhs (Oxford University Press, 2010 and 2012), The Social, Political and Historical Contours of Deportation with Matthew Gibney and Emanuela Paoletti (Springer, 2013), and Migration and Care Labour: Theory, Policy and Politics with Isabel Shutes (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014). Bridget Anderson has worked closely with migrants’ organisations, trades unions and legal practitioners at local, national and international level.


Laia Serra (Estado español)

Criminal lawyer, works in human rights, non-discrimination, hate crimes and gender violence. Member of the Defence Commission of the Lawyers Association of Barcelona, ​​of Women Lawyers and of the Catalan Association for the Defence of Human Rights, which is part of the Catalan Coordination for the Prevention and Complaint of Torture, and regularly collaborates with different feminist collectives. She has advised the Observatory against Homophobia since 2007 and the Association for Assistance to Sexually Assaulted Women (AADAS) since 2014. She has intervened in political advocacy campaigns such as the eradication of rubber bullets in Catalonia, the non-introduction of guns Taser in the armament of the Mossos d'Esquadra, the access to assisted reproduction of all women, and the change of health care model for transgender people. She has intervened in several court cases related to the limits on freedom of expression, the criminalization of protest and gender violence through social networks. Collaborates in the drafting of the Regulations for the Deployment of the Law against Catalan LGBTI phobia and in legal opinion articles with El, La Directa, El Punt Avui and Pikara Magazine.


Stasa Zajovic (Montenegro)

Feminist activist, pacifist and member of the Montenegrin LGBT Movement, co-founder and coordinator of the organization Women in Black of Belgrade created in 1991 at the beginning of the war in Yugoslavia. In Belgrade, during the war in the former Yugoslavia, she was one of the activists who led the silent vigils of Women in Black that took place regularly every week from 1991 to 1997 as a nonviolent protest against the war; the politics of the Serbian regime; nationalism; militarism and all forms of hate, discrimination and violence. She is one of the organizers of the Women's Court, Sarajevo, in May 2015.

Patricia Orejudo (Estado español)

Professor of Private International Law University of the Complutense University of Madrid. Lawyer specialized in Human Rights. PHD in Law. She has taught undergraduate and postgraduate courses, in many other centres in Spain, Europe and Latin America. Member of the state campaign for the closure of Detention Centres for Migrants and the Sol Legal Commission. She has worked in Women's Link Worldwide, a non-profit organization that uses the power of the law to promote and defend the rights of women and girls, as a senior lawyer, and has collaborated with the Spanish Commission for Refugee Aid (CEAR). Investigate issues mainly related to migration from a gender perspective.


Marina Forti (Italia)

Journalist based in Rome. She worked with the daily newspaper “il manifesto” for 30 years, mostly as a Foreign Correspondent and later Foreign Editor. She traveled in Iran, South Asia and South East Asia. She started the column “TerraTerra” (“Earth to Earth”) on environmental justice and the conflicts for the natural resources. Her book La signora di Narmada (Feltrinelli 2004) was awarded the Elsa Morante Prize for Communication. Her latest book is “Il cuore di tenebra dell'India” (Bruno Mondadori 2012). She contributes regularly to


Teresa Almeida Cravo (Portugal)

Assistant Professor in International Relations at the Faculty of Economics of the University of Coimbra and a Researcher at the Centre for Social Studies. She is currently co-coordinator of the PhD Programme Democracy in the XXIst Century and coordinator of the Master’s degree in International Relations – Peace, Security and Development Studies, both at the University of Coimbra. She holds a PhD from the Department of Politics and International Studies of the University of Cambridge. In the last years, Teresa has been a Visiting Fellow at the University of Westminster, in the UK, at the University of Monash, in Australia, and a Predoctoral Fellow and later an Associate at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Her research interests include peace and conflict, security and development, interventionism, and foreign policy, particularly within the Lusophone context.


Comunicado de Prensa

Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos (TPP) sobre la violación con impunidad de los derechos humanos

de las personas migrantes y refugiadas

Audiencia sobre Espacios de “No Derecho”

29, 30 de junio, 1 de julio de 2018


Viernes 29 de junio, 11h30
Sede de (C/Tàpies, 1-3, Barri El Raval, Barcelona)

Modera: Cristina Mas

Con la participación de: 

Necropolíticas en las fronteras europeas
Objectivos centrales de la Audiencia del Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos sobre Espacios de “No Derecho” 
Juan Hernández Zubizarreta (OMAL-Observatorio de Multinacionales en América Latina)

¿Qué es el Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos?
Simona Fraudatario (Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos – TPP)

Rol del Jurado, integrado únicamente por mujeres
Laia Serra (Miembro del Jurado de la Audiencia sobre Espacios de “No Derecho” del TPP)

Elementos centrales del Eje de Frontera Sur
Jara Henar (Stop Maremortum)

La importancia de un Eje sobre Género
Fatou Secka (Miembro de la Xarxa Dones Migrades)

Eje de menores de edad y jóvenes
Fatima Zouiri (Espacio del Inmigrante)

Anti-cooperación europea y desplazamiento forzado de las personas migrantes
David Llistar (Director de Justicia Global y Cooperación Internacional del Ayuntamiento de Barcelona)

Contacto para la prensa: Mónica Vargas – – +34662026497



Barcelona, 26 de junio 2018.- Los próximos 29, 30 junio y 1 de julio, en el marco de la Sesión del Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos (TPP) sobre la violación con impunidad los derechos de las personas migrantes y refugiadas, se celebra en Barcelona la Audiencia sobre Espacios de “No Derecho”. Organizaciones de personas migrantes y refugiadas presentarán casos de violaciones de derechos y crímenes en las fronteras europeas, con especial atención a las vulneraciones que se producen en la Frontera Sur y en temas de género y diversidad sexual y menores. Juezas de prestigio internacional dictaminarán sobre estos casos.

Las fronteras europeas, cada vez más militarizadas, representan más del 60% de las muertes migratorias registradas en todo el mundo. La crisis del Aquarius o las recientes declaraciones del Ministro italiano del Interior calificando de “carne humana” a las personas migrantes evidencian hasta qué punto los gobiernos de la Unión Europea no asumen los compromisos con los derechos humanos y los derechos de las personas migrantes y refugiadas.

Según el informe publicado recientemente por IRIDIA, NOVACT y Fotomovimiento , en 2017 cerca de 22.400 personas llegaron por mar el Estado español, y la ruta española tiende a ser más accesible ante las dificultades de otras rutas por los acuerdos entre la Unión Europea con Turquía y Libia. Durante las dos últimas décadas, la población de personas forzadas a desplazarse ha crecido desde 33,9 millones en 1997 hasta los 68,5 millones en 2017. Ya sea huyendo del empobrecimiento derivado de la extracción corporativa a gran escala y del pillaje de sus medios de supervivencia, o por la devastación de la guerra, los derechos de las personas migrantes y refugiadas son violados de forma sistemática, en la ruta hacia las fronteras y dentro del territorio europeo. Asimismo, se desarrolla de manera creciente una narrativa y una práctica que criminaliza tanto a las personas migrantes como a las personas y entidades que intentan salvar las vidas, como la ilustran los casos de la activista Helena Maleno, de Proactiva Open Arms o de los bomberos de Sevilla de Proemaid, entre tanto otros.

Ante esta situación de impunidad y de dificultad de acceso a la justicia, desde el 2017, la Transnational Migrant Platform, una red europea de organizaciones de personas migrantes, conjuntamente con decenas de colectivos de personas migrantes, y de entidades activas en la solidaridad presentaron una demanda formal  ante el Tribunal de los Pueblos (TPP)  , el cual decidió abrir la “Sesión sobre la violación con impunidad los derechos de las personas migrantes y refugiadas”, inaugurada en la ciudad de Barcelona hace un año, como un símbolo de solidaridad y compromiso con los derechos de las personas migrantes.

Aunque sea un Tribunal de opinión, el TPP es un espacio reconocido a nivel internacional, contando con jueces y personas expertas de gran prestigio. La Sesión es una oportunidad histórica para sentar las bases de la categoría jurídica de “Crímenes de Fronteras”, tal y como lo hizo con el Tribunal Russell – antecedente directo del TPP- con los Crímenes de Guerra, hace 60 años. Los objetivos de la “Sesión sobre la violación con impunidad los derechos de las personas migrantes y refugiadas” son: dar una visibilidad clara a las personas de las personas migradas como sujeto inviolable de derechos; identificar y juzgar la “cadena” de corresponsabilidad a lo largo de la ruta migratoria que conduce a la violación de los derecho de las personas migrantes; y proporcionar y promover urgentemente las medidas adecuadas para acceder a la justicia.

El Tribunal tuvo una Audiencia a Palermo  (diciembre 2017), en París  (enero 2018) y prepara la próxima Audiencia en Barcelona, sobre los Espacios de “No Derecho”, enfocándose en particular los siguientes ejes: Frontera Sur, Género y diversidades, y menores y juventud. En Barcelona, se juzgarán las “necropolíticas”, identificadas como las políticas que tienen por resultado la muerte de las personas, dentro de Espacios de “No Derecho” como la Frontera Sur, y se identificarán con claridad casos de violación de derechos de las mujeres y la comunidad LGTBI, así como de los menores de edad y jóvenes. El Tribunal estará integrado por un jurado de gran prestigio internacional, que escuchará las presentaciones y testimonios de personas directamente afectadas. Las juezas son: Bridget Anderson, Laia Serra, Patricia Orejudo, Stasa Zajovic, Teresa Almeida Cravo, Marina Forti. Entre los testigos estarán presentes, entre otros: Ribkha Sibhatu (activista de Eritrea refugiada en Italia), Cristina Fuentes (especialista en el tema de las trabajadoras transfronterizas ( “porteadoras”), Ana María Rosado (APDHA), Estefanny Molina ( Women ‘s Link), Sani Mouhamed (ELIN).

La Audiencia sobre Espacios de “No Derecho” tendrá lugar en el Auditori Eduard Toldrà, Conservatori Municipal de Música (Calle Bruc 110-112, Barcelona)

Entidades que convocan la Audiencia de Barcelona:

Transnational Migrant Platform Europe (TMP-E), Centro Filipino-Barcelona, RESPECT Network Europe; ECVC   Coordinadora Europea de Vía Campesina; Associació Catalana per la integració d’homosexuals, bisexuals i transexuals inmigrants (ACATHI); Carovane Migranti; Centre Delàs, Comitato Verità e Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos; Entrepueblos/Entrepobles/Entrepobos; No Muri No Recinti, Espacio del Inmigrante; Fotomovimiento; Institut de Drets Humans de Catalunya; IRIDIA; Jo Sí Sanitat Universal, Mujeres Pa’lante; NOVACT; Observatorio de Multinacionales en América Latina (OMAL); Sindicato Popular de vendedores ambulantes; Stop Mare Mortum; SOS Racismo, SUDS; Tanquem els CIEs Barcelona; Transnational Institute (TNI); Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos Andalucía; Alianza por la Solidaridad; Tras la Manta; Unitat contra el feixisme i el racisme (UCFR), Taula de defensa dels drets de les treballadores de la llar, la neteja i les cures, Womens Link.


Programme PPT Hearing Barcelona

Permanent Peoples Tribunal on the Violations of the Human Rights of Migrant and Refugee Peoples

Hearing on “Sites without rights”

29th, 30th June, 1st July 2018
Auditori Eduard Toldrà, Conservatori Municipal de Música (Bruc 110-112, Barcelona)



In Europe, migrant and refugees have lived through the various stages of the building of Fortress Europe. They have seen Europe's policy of exclusion being constructed year after year – a policy that has resulted in a sweeping rollback of people's human rights; the encampments, forcible detention and deportation; and criminalisation at the militarised southern and eastern borders of Europe. Inspired by solidarity between migrants, refugees and other social movements towards equality and inclusive society, since 2017 a large number of migrants organizations and civil society networks active in the defence of human rights in Europe, called on the Permanent Peoples Tribunal (PPT), with the aim to give clear visibility to the migrant and refugee peoples from all backgrounds as subjects of fundamental human rights; to identify and judge the chain of co-responsibility in the violation of those rights experienced throughout the whole migratory journey and to urgently identify and promote appropriate mechanisms for access to justice. The PPT responded and opened the Permanent Peoples Tribunal Session on the Violations of the Human Rights of Migrant and Refugee Peoples in July 2017 in Barcelona. Since then, Hearings have been held in Palermo (December 2017) and Paris (January 2018). The Tribunal returns again to Barcelona for a new Hearing on “Sites without rights”, focusing on: Southern Border, Gender and Diversity, Minors and Youth, on June 29, 30 and July 1.




Co-Convenors: Transnational Migrant Platform Europe (TMP-E), Centro Filipino-Barcelona, RESPECT Network Europe; ECVC ‑ Coordinadora Europea de Vía Campesina; Associació Catalana per la integració d’homosexuals, bisexuals i transexuals inmigrants (ACATHI); Carovane Migranti; Centre Delàs, Comitato Verità e Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos; Entrepueblos/Entrepobles/Entrepobos; No Muri No Recinti, Espacio del Inmigrante; Fotomovimiento; Institut de Drets Humans de Catalunya; IRIDIA; Jo Sí Sanitat Universal, Mujeres Pa’lante; NOVACT; Observatorio de Multinacionales en América Latina (OMAL); Sindicato Popular de vendedores ambulantes; Stop Mare Mortum; SOS Racismo, SUDS; Tanquem els CIEs Barcelona; Transnational Institute (TNI); Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos Andalucía; Alianza por la Solidaridad; Tras la Manta; Unitat contra el feixisme i el racisme (UCFR), Taula de defensa dels drets de les treballadores de la llar, la neteja i les cures, Womens Link.



Friday 29th June (19h ‑ 21h)

Welcome from the City Council of Barcelona

Honourable Mayor of Barcelona, Ada Colau (to be confirmed)

Welcome from Convenors

Ms. Jille Belisario, Transnational Migrant Platform - Europe

Mr. Federico Pacheco, La Vía Campesina - Europe

Intervention from Casa Nostra Casa Vostra

Local authorities’ initiatives

Ms. M. Dolores López Fernández, Commissioner of Immigration, Interculturality and Diversity, Barcelona City Council

Intervention of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal

Mr Gianni Tognoni, General Secretary of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal

Saturday 30th June

9.00 ‑ 9.45

Register of Participants

10.00 – 11.00

Introduction of the Tribunal Mr. Gianni Tognoni, General Secretary of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal, Mr. Juan Hernández Zubizarreta and Ms. Beatriz Plaza


Organisations presenting the axis: Mujeres migrantes diversas, ACATHI, Stop Maremortum, Yo sí sanidad universal/PASUCAT, No muri No recinti, Women’s Link, Casa Delle Donne, Non Una di Meno Genova, APDHA, KASAPI & MELISSA-Grecia, Waling-Waling Campaign for Rights of Migrant Domestic Workers-UK, Women in Exile, Centro Filipino de Barcelona, Mujeres pa'lante, Alianza contra la Pobreza Energética, Unitat Contra el Feixsme i el Racisme (UCFR)

With the support of: Ms. Carmen Miguel Juan and Ms. Teresa Palomo

11.00 ‑ 14.00

Axis on Gender and Diversity. Part 1



Ms. Carmen Miguel Juan


Violence in transit


Ventimiglia (Ms. Ariela Lacometti, Non Una di Meno Genova)


Women migrants from Eritrea (Ms. Ribka Sibbatu)

11.30 ‑ 12.00



Women migrants from Nigeria (Ms. Giulia Fiordelli)


Women in transit to Greece (Stop Maremortum)


Refugee women forced to work in the camps (Ms. Carolina García, Women in Exile)


Testimony (Ms. Elisabeth Ngari)

Refugee Women in Greece (Ms. Debbie Valencia and Ms.Ida Iva Sadedini, KASAPI, MELISSA-Greece)


Trafficking of women for sexual exploitation and custody of minors


Trafficking and forced separation from children (Ms. Estefanny Molina, Women’s Link)


Questions of the Jurors


Work violence & Struggles


Cross-border Workers (“porteadoras”) (Ms. Cristina Fuentes, APDHA)

Domestic workers and work in the care sector (Mujeres migrantes diversas, Centro Filipino de Barcelona, Migrant Domestic Workers-UK-Angie Garcia), Mujeres pa’lante)


workers in the strawberry sector in Huelva (Ms. Teresa Palomo)


Questions of the Jurors

14.00 ‑ 15.00

Lunch (catering by local migrant organisations)

15.00 – 16.30

Axis on Gender and Diversity. Part 2


Social rights


Health and reproductive rights (Yo Sí Sanitat Univesal, PASUCAT)


Housing and energy poverty (Ms. Cecilia Carrillo, Alianza contra la Pobreza Energética, and Ms. Sandra Casanova)


Questions of the Jurors


Symbolic violence


Gender Islamophobia (Ms. Fatiha Al Mouali , UCFR)


LGTBI migrant people (Mr. Rodrigo Araneda (ACATHI)


Questions of the Jurors

16.30 – 16.45



Organisations presenting the axis: Espacio del Inmigrante, Centro Filipino de Barcelona

Cases on unaccompanied minors in Barcelona.

16.45 – 17.45

Minors and Youth



Ms. Raquel Prado


Demands (Ms. Natalia Caicedo, Espacio del Inmigrante)




Questions of the Jurors

Sunday 1st July


Organisations presenting the axis: NOVACT, IRIDIA, Sindicato Popular de Vendedores Ambulantes, Alianza por la Solidaridad, Observatori DESC, Fotomovimiento, Collectif Des Femmes Migrantes Au Maroc – COFMIMA, Women’s Link, SOS Racisme, Centre Delàs, Tanquem els CIEs, Alianza por la Solidaridad, APDHA.

10.00 ‑ 11.30

Southern Border Axis. Part 1.


NOVACT and Fotomovimiento

Morocco (Ms. Jara Henar, Alianza por la Solidaridad)

Testimonies (Collectif des Femmes Migrantes au Maroc, por video)

Sea border and Fence (Ms. Ana Rosado, APHDA)

Isla Mar Case (Ms. Estefanny Molina, Women’s Link)

Testimony (Mr. Sani Ladan, ELIN)


Questions of the Jurors

11.30 ‑ 12.00


12.00 ‑ 14.00

Southern Border Axis. Part 2.


Tarajal case (Mr. Marco Aparicio, Observatori DESC)


Arrival and 72 hours (IRIDIA)


Detention Centres and express deportations (Tanquem el CIE)


Testimony (Mr. Elhadj Thierno Fata Boye)


Institutional racism and ethnic profiling (SOS Racisme)


Testimony (Sindicato Popular de Vendedores Ambulantes)


Participation of private actors (transnational corporations and other military and security companies) (Ms. María Soler, NOVACT)


INDRA case (Mr. Jordi Calvo (Centre Delàs)


Questions of the Jurors

14.00 ‑ 15.30

Lunch (catering by local migrant organisations)

15.30 – 16.45

Intervention of the Jurors of the Tribunal

16.45 ‑ 17.00

Comments to the hearing from Civil Rights perspective

Mr. Jaume Asens, Third Deputy Mayor, Manager’s Office of the Area of Citizen Rights, Culture, Participation and Transparency Barcelona City Council

17.00 ‑ 17.15


Mr. Gianni Tognoni, General Secretary of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal

Facilitators of the Hearing

Ms. Iolanda Fresnillo (Cooperativa Ekona), Mr Braulio Alfonso Moro (France Amérique Latine) and Mr David Bondia (Institut de Drets Humans de Catalunya).


Convenors to the Palermo PPT Hearing

Associations from Palermo
1.    Addio Pizzo – Palermo
2.     A.p.s. Maghweb
3.     ARCI Palermo
4.     ARCI Sicilia
5.     Arci Porco Rosso
6.     Arte Migrante – Palermo
7.     Associazione Avvocati Dei Diritti UMAni/ADDUMA – Palermo
8.     Associazione contro le discriminazioni razziali Nourredine Adnane
9.     Associazione Diritti e Frontiere – ADIF
10.   Associazione Giocherenda
11.   Associazione Handala
12.   Associazione per gli Studi Giuridici sull’Immigrazione / ASGI – Palermo
13.   Associazione “Pellegrino della terra” Onlus
14.   Associazione PRO.VI.DE-Regina della Pace onlus – Palermo
15.   Associazione Pluralia – Palermo
16.   Borderline Sicilia
17.   Caritas di Palermo-Area Mondialità
18.   Casa della Cultura Araba – Al QUDS Palermo
19.   Centro Astalli Palermo
20.   Centro Diaconale La Noce – Istituto Valdese – Palermo
21.   Centro Italiano Aiuti all’Infanzia/CIAI Palermo
22.   Centro Salesiano Santa Chiara
23.   Clinica Legale per i Diritti Umani- Cledu
24.   Cobas Scuola Palermo
25.   Comitato Antirazzista Cobas Palermo
26.   Cooperazione Internazionale Sud Sud – CISS
27.   Coordinamento Antitratta di Palermo
28.   Emmaus Palermo Onlus
29.   Festival delle Letterature Migranti
30.   Forum Antirazzista Palermo
31.   Istituto di Formazione Politica “Pedro Arrupe” – Centro Studi Sociali – Osservatorio Migrazioni
32.   Laici Missionari Comboniani – Palermo
33.   Libera – Palermo
34.   La Migration sportello immigrati Lgbti
35.   Le Onde Onlus – Centro Antiviolenza
36.   L’Altro Diritto Sicilia
37.   Mediterraneo Antirazzista
38.   Missionari Comboniani Palermo
39.   Moltivolti
40.   Movimento Internazionale della Riconciliazione / MIR – Palermo
41.   Per esempio Onlus
42.   ROMpiamo i pregiudizi
43.   Refugees Welcome Gruppo territoriale Palermo
44.   Ufficio Migranti – CGIL Palermo
45.   GRIS Sicilia
46.   Associazione Caleudoscopio – laboratorio per la crescita sociale Palermo
47.   Associazione LAB.ZEN 2 Palermo
48.   Associazione di volontariato “Donne di Benin City” Palermo
49.   Centro Siciliano di Documentazione “Giuseppe Impastato” – Palermo
50.   Cobas Scuola Palermo
51.   Associazione SEND
52.   Coordinamento antiviolenza 21luglio Palermo
53.   Istituto Mediterraneo di Studi Internazionali – Palermo
54.   Centro Studi “Paolo Borsellino” – Palermo
55.   Human Rights Youth Organization HRYO – Palermo
56.   UpPalermo A.p.s.
57.   Caffè Internazionale Palermo
58.   Rotarct Club Palermo Est
59.   Centro Internazionale per la Promozione dell’Educazione e lo Sviluppo/CEIPES
60.   Soc.Coop. libera…mente Palermo
61.   Cooperativa idee in movimento Palermo
62.   Mediterraneo di pace Palermo
63.   Associazione Migralab “A. Sayad” di Messina
64.   Ufficio Migrantes Messina – Fondazione Migrantes Messina
65.   Associazione culturale Gammazita – Catania
66.   Co.P.E. – Cooperazione Paesi Emergenti Ong di Catania
67.   Associazione Rete Radié Resch di solidarietà internazionale – Gruppo locale di Noto

Italian Associations
68.   Carovane Migranti
69.   Rete Milano Senza Frontiere
70.   Rete femminista “No muri, no recinti” – Casa delle donne di Milano
71.   Osservatorio “Carta di Milano – La solidarietà non è un reato”
72.   Associazione Per i Diritti umani
73.   Associazione Comboniana Servizio emigranti e Profughi (ACSE) di Roma
74.   Campagna LasciateCIEntrare – Roma
75.   Associazione Differenza Donna ONG – Roma
76.   Coordinamento Italiano di Sostegno alle Donne Afghane/CISDA – Milano
77.   GAO Cooperazione Internazionale – Cosenza
78.   Casa della carità “Angelo Abriani” di Milano
80.   Stay Human — Støtte og Solidaritet til Flygtninge
81.   Mediterraneo di pace
82.   Fondazione Vito Fazio-Allmayer
83.   Un.I.S.
84.   Agorà
85.   Teatro Atlante
86.   Godena
87.   Associazione Tlaxcala di traduttori per la diversità linguistica
88.   Cgil
89.   Casa della carità
90.   Progetto Diritti onlus
91.   Baobab Experience
92.   Associazione Antigone
93.   Oxfam Italia

Press Release

Hearing in Palermo, December 18-20, 2017

PPT Session on the Violations with Impunity of the Human Rights of Migrant and Refugee Peoples
Address: Plesso didattico Bernardo Albanese, Piazza Napoleone Colajanni, Palermo, Italy

On December 18, 2017, the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal (PPT) will begin its first session dedicated to the human rights violations of migrants and refugees. It will begin on this date in honor of the anniversary of the ratification of the United Nations Convention for the Protection of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families (Dec. 18, 1990). In Barcelona last July 7-8, 2017 the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal heard the Call to examine the policies and practices adopted by the European Union and its member states including the operations of transnational corporations and the impacts on the rights of migrants and refugees (See the Indictment in English and Spanish). This Call was presented by an extended international network of civil society, non-governmental and social justice organizations and numerous migrant and refugee organizations, including the Transnational Migrant Platform-Europe (TMP-E) and the Transnational Institute (TNI).

The first Hearing which begins in Palermo, will be dedicated to migratory flows in the Mediterranean, Europe’s southern border, now reduced to a cemetery of horrors. The second session will take place in Paris on January 4-5, 2018 and will look at the internal borders of the European Union and the related policies and practices of various member states.
The relevance of holding the Hearing in Palermo, which has been supported by a large number of Italian and international social organizations, has unfortunately been confirmed in recent weeks with the tragic news of shipwrecks, deaths at sea, deportations, arbitrary detentions and abuses. According to the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights, Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, the situation has become catastrophic, indicated by the immense suffering of thousands of men, women and children, constituting an “outrage to the conscience of humanity.”  The High Commissioner affirmed that we can no longer remain silent in the face of the “modern-day slavery, torture, and sexual violence”that have occurred alongside migration “management.” Es tiempo de hablar! 

It’s time to speak out! This is the purpose of the PPT, reflected in Barcelona by Carlos Beristain, a member of the Tribunal, to heed the warning of a Guatemalan elder at the beginning of a historical memory reconstruction process for victims of institutional and political violence in Guatemala. For migrants and refugees too, the time has come to speak out and bring the truth of migration to light, to evaluate the policies and practices of European governments with regard to human rights, and to reimagine society in the face of the tragic loss of life that we see before our eyes. This is one of the main purposes of the Permanent Peoples´ Tribunal, to understand and articulate serious and systematic human rights violations, based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Algeria,1976) which has served as a guide for the 44 sessions realized by the Tribunal since 1979.

The Tribunal’s international jury is composed of: Franco Ippolito (Italy): Judge and president of thePPT Philippe Texier (France): Judge and vice-president of the PPT
Carlos Beristain (Spain): Doctor and psychologist, expert in human rights and political memory
Donatella Di Cesare (Italy): Philosopher and teacher at the Università la Sapienza di Roma and the Normale di Pisa
Luciana Castellina (Italy): Former member of the Italian and European Parliament, journalist and writer Francesco Martone (Italy): Former Senator, expert on International Relations, Pacifism and Human Rights Luis Moita (Portugal): Professor of International Relations, Università Autonoma di Lisbona

For further information: Simona Pasqua De Candia:

Testimonies at the launching

Promotion video

Opening video for the launching session by Fotomovimiento

The summary of the whole session

Selected pieces of the launching. Video by Fotomovimiento

Livestreamings of the whole session

July, 8th 2017


The Permanent Peoples Tribunal on the Violations of the Human Rights of Migrant and Refugee Peoples launched in Barcelona on July 7-8, 2017 was co-convened by more than 30 migrant and refugee organisations and endorsed by 100 movements, networks and organisations.

The preparation process included two preparatory meetings, the setting up of a PPT Working Group (Barcelona based migrant and other organisations; the Transnational Migrant Platform-Europe and other movements involved in the struggles of migrant and refugee peoples) in regular coordination with the PPT Secretariat. This will also provide the coordination for the further PPT Hearings & Sessions – as well as drawing from the organisations in the areas where the Hearings are held.

This PPT Session is being organised within the framework of the indictment developed for the launch in Barcelona – which is based on an analysis of the current economic and political conjuncture globally as well as in Europe and drawn from the testimonies and lived experiences of migrant and refugee peoples. Four key pillars make up the framework of this PPT:

  1. Root Causes of Forced Displacement & Conditions of conflict and war leading to outmigration and refugee
  2. Hazardous Journeys and closing down of legal routes
  3. Border regimes of exclusion/walls/immigrations policy
  4. Fortress Europe – experience of precarious migrant status and exploitative conditions of work within Europe

Gender, Youth and Racism are identified as cross cutting issues across these pillars. (See below a brief summary of this framework)

Goal and Objectives of PPT on Migrant and Refugee Peoples

The PPT is a process that is being built from below, with the people most involved and most directly affected. The process is being initiated as a journey where many can participate from the borders of Europe and from the countries of origin, transit and destination. That is why it is important to socialise the whole process among migrant and refugee organisations and communities; and the networks and platforms that support the work of denouncing the violations of human and peoples’ rights taking place along the multiple borders and the daily struggles of migrant and refugees. Therefore, the mobilisation of the migrant and refugee peoples in the conceptualisation, development and implementation of the PPT is crucial.

The overall goal is to strengthen the role of Migrant and Refugee peoples as key protagonists and social actors in the articulation of the conjuncture, the naming of the violations of their human rights and in proposing alternatives.

The PPT also aims to facilitate migrant and refugee movements to develop new alliances with other social movements and with the research, academe and other related sectors.

Specific objectives of the PPT process include:

  • Receive and document rigorously the testimonies of the communities of migrants and refugees including their proposals to advance a rights-based approach and an alternative framework.
  • Listen and make visible the cases of violations of the rights of migrants and refugees.
  • Analyse jointly the root causes (including trade and investment agreements, global extractivism as well as the global production and labour chain) of the forced displacement of migrants and refugees.
  • Determine the responsibilities of governments, including the European Union and other official European bodies.
  • Focus the role of transnational corporations in the global labour chain, as well as in the border regimes, and in detention and in deportation

PPT Process – Hearings and Sessions

On July 8, 2017, the official opening of the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal Session on The violations with impunity of the Human Rights of Migrants and Refugee peoples (program) was carried out in the city of Barcelona. The call for action disseminated by TMP-E and TNI focuses its reasons on the necessity “to give visibility to the people of migrant persons as an inviolable subject of rights; to identify and judge the “chain” of co-responsibility along the migratory route leading to the violation of migrant people’s human rights; and to urgently provide and foster adequate measures for access to justice”.

Please see documents of different hearings in 2017-2018

  1. Opening Session – Barcelona, 7-8 July 2017
    The opening act has been promoted by a social platform that includes more than 100 organizations, associations and social movements (see the list of the endorsment) which have been convened by the Transnational Migrant Platform (TMP) and the Transnational Institute of Amsterdam (TI).The Indictment presented to the Tribunal has been supported by a broad spectrum of testimonies and exemplary cases that have reconstructed the structural factors and policies that determine the vulnerability, dependency, disappearance and denial of the future of migrants and refugee people.

    The general structure and doctrinal orientation of the Indictment has been built around the need to investigate and document the root causes of migration and forced displacement; routes and violations of human rights; the border regime; the policies of exclusion characterising the Fortress Europe, with special attention to the transversal factors, which are the gender issue and the minors.

    In its concluding remarks, the panel of judges of the PPT, composed by Bridget Anderson (UK), Carlos Beristain (Spain), Jennifer Chiriga (Zimbabwe), Leticia Gutiérrez (Mexico), has made reference to doctrinal aspects of migration, shared experiences of resistance and has formulated, for this Session, perspectives and methodology of work, in consideration of the PPT mission and jurisprudence.

    As stated by Gianni Tognoni, Secretary General of the PPT, “this opening Session, which will be concluded by the end of 2018, requires a significant extension of the support networks, an intensified collaboration with groups of experts in the different sectors, a rigorous coordination of the various steps and initiatives. This process aims to become a tool for active presence in society, a cultural, political and legal literacy, an indispensable condition for the recognition of migrant and refugee people as inviolable subjects of law”.

2. Hearing of Palermo, 18-20 December 2017
The firstHearing which begins in Palermo, will be dedicated to migratory flows in the Mediterranean, Europe’s southern border, now reduced to a cemetery of horrors. 

3. Hearing of Paris, 4-5 January 2018
This hearing will look at the internal borders of the European Union and the related policies and practices of various member states.

  • The Indictment (French)
  • The Sentence of the Tribunal (French – Spanish)
  • More information on the hearing can be found at the website of Intercoll (only available in French)

4. Hearing of Barcelona, 29 June – 1 July 2018

In the framework of the Session on the violation of the rights of migrants and refugees, the hearing on the “No rights” spaces will take place in the city of Barcelona from June 29 to July 1, along three axes: Southern border with Spain, Gender, Minors and young people

The Declaration  (Spanish)of the PPT panel of the judges that heard in Barcelona, on the occasion of the hearing on “non-law” spaces (29 June – 1 July 2018) is available in Spanish. Representatives of associations and communities of migrants reported numerous cases of violation of human rights occurring at the southern border of Spain and more generally against women, LGTB communities and minors.

5. Hearing in London, 3 – 4 November 2018
The Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal will hold a Hearing on The hostile environment on trial, with a focus on the working condition of migrants and refugees. The hearing is part of the Session on The violation of human rights of migrants and refugee peoples (2017-2019):

Brief Summary Framework of the PPT on the Violations with Impunity of the Human Rights of Migrant and Refugee Peoples

The PPT indictment developed for the Barcelona Launch on July 7-8 identified four main Pillars and stages in the migration journey – which are also characterized as “sites with rights” and “sites without rights”. Furthermore, the agendas of Gender and Youth and Racism  are recognized as integral and cross-cutting in all stages of the migration journey:

  1. Root Causes and Forced Displacements and out-migration
    The forced displacement crisis is neither spontaneous nor circumstantial. It is linked to several structural causes that underpin the prevailing social and economic model; therefore, these causes (land grabs, loss of livelihoods, unemployment, continuing wars, irreversible destruction of the environment, climate change – generating hunger, impoverishment) need to be addressed at their core, otherwise the human tragedies that cause forced displacement will not be identified. Currently, the mechanisms used by capital to grab capital gains and maintain its profit rates escalate, extending to exploitation, expulsion by dispossession and necropolitics.
  1. Hazardous & Dangerous journeys of transit and closure of legal routes leading to mass deaths.
    The “non-law” spaces that are built on European borders allow, people badly wounded in barriers not to be assisted, and human beings in the desert to be abandoned. All this justified by the primacy of the territorial borders and sovereignty of Europe. These are areas where Europe can implement policies that are separate and far removed from human rights. They are “non-law” contexts where legal primacy is exercised by immigration control and where bilateral relations have more weight than international human rights conventions. The impact that these policies have on the violation of the rights of the people who move has increased in the last decade, and has had a significant impact on the right to life.
  1. Border regimes that are militarized and criminalized – and operate on exclusionary policy
    The creation of non-law spaces by externalising and militarising borders create no-rights zones. The construction of non-law spaces has been accompanied by the victimisation, criminalisation and reification of people on the move, which has formed part of the process of stripping them of their status as people. That is why neither they nor their families have recognised rights and the European states are thus exempt from responsibility for the violence that they exert against the victims and the survivors of the border war. Externalisation of borders being outsourced by the EU to Libya and other North Africa countries is creating mass detention centers with intolerable conditions which include torture and Mass deaths on the seas has been ‘normalised’.
  1. Fortress Europe – living and working conditions that are exclusionary and intensifying levels of racism, xenophobia and islamophobia eroding the possibility of integration.
    The consequences of the global financial crisis and the pursuit of neoliberal austerity measures has led to a profound economic and political crisis in Europe. The EU is currently restructuring its economic and political system. Unemployment has reached record levels, especially in “peripheral” countries (Greece, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Bulgaria, Romania and the Baltic States). There is an imbalance between the former Eastern European countries and those of Western Europe in terms of economic and social conditions. Explicit authoritarian and racist political parties are on the rise in several countries and their representatives hold seats in national parliaments and governments. This toxic mix of political and economic conditions has fuelled more overt racism, xenophobia and islamophobia It results in focusing the blame on migrants and refugees with some sections of European citizens seeing them as the cause of unemployment, insecurity and the pressure on public services, including schools, housing and health services.  Solidarity activities such as rescue at see or helping migrants and refugees to cross borders has been criminalised.

Moreover, migrant workers in several sectors (domestic work in the private household, care work, hotel and other service work, building work and agriculture work etc) are experiencing the daily conditions of combined precarious or undocumented migration status and precarious and extremely exploitative labour conditions.