Declaration FMAS on Global Compact on Migration

FMAS Declaration on the Global Compact of Migration, week of Migration in Marrakech

Stop the war on migration. Yes to a global pact which protects human rights of migrants and their dignity.

The coming December 10 and 11th, Head of States and governments under the aegis of UN are invited to adopt in Marrakech the Global Compact for “Safe, Orderly and Regular migration”.

Lot of hope was placed in the United Nations´ capacities to set up international protection norms for migrant rights and on the consolidation of freedom to move. This Pact inspires diverse reactions in opposite directions. Lot of NGOs see in it a protective text while others are strongly opposing it and articulate a critical view, highlighting, not only its lack of ambition but as well the fact that it represents a regression on current acquired rights.

European States, dominated by nationalist, populist or xenophobic groups find in it an infringement of their sovereignty. A number of EU member States, hostile to welcoming refugees, like Hungary, Poland,Austria or the Czech Republic, already expressed their opposition to the text. Those governments are led by parties which are openly in war against migration, and which see in this pact the possibility of the hyper restrictive policies they carry, being questioned. Donald Trump, for the USA, is remaining with a strong position of rejection of any approach based on multilateralism and made clear for a long time the US rejection of the Pact.

Apart from the ILO conventions or the International Convention for the protection of migrant workers and their family members, non-ratified by most of the EU member States, a specific legal framework is clearly missing on migration. The adoption of the Global compact is supposed to fill this gap. However, the consensus which followed the negotiations is deeply in favor of setting up of non-binding system which reflects the interests of high income industrialized countries, and ignores the needs of migrants and less developed Southern countries.

Despite the fact that we are conscious and in favor of the need to create an international framework which guarantees and protects the rights of migrants, we do not believe that the COMPACT as it is, is a response up to the protection needs of migrants worldwide. The proposed text is in reality highly inspired by the interests and approaches of Europe and North America on migration.

Is the COMPACT a text which creates an international right to freedom to move? Will it protect migrants as effectively as the international convention on the protection of the rights of migrants workers and their family members?

  • Will it prevent the multiplication of graveyards of dead migrants in our borders?
  • Will it abolish finally migrants’ detention and detention centers?
  • Will it allow a reconsideration of policies and laws which criminalize migrants?
  • Will it prevent the looting of human and material resources from poor countries and the appeal of chosen migration?
  • Will it go beyond good intentions regarding development establishing measurable objectives and evaluation mechanisms for aid programs?
  • Will it prevent the logics of surveillance and control, specifically via the compilation and stocking of migrants´ biometric data in common and standardized databases?

To all those questions we answer NO.

At the end, the Global Compact, remains a non-binding agreement negotiated at intergovernmental level in a context of of conflicts and lack of solidarity between States mainly driven by security concerns. It does not challenge the rationale of the repressive immigration policies, who, far from reducing the number of arrivals of migrants, contribute to severe violations of human rights. Those policies have a high human cost and foster strategies to cross borders illegally, every day more dangerous and complex. They are paving the way for smuggling and other mafia-like networks and bring new insecurities in areas already highly weakened by conflict of multiple nature.

The Global Compact targets to establish for the first time an integrated framework for a global governance on international migration. The way it is formulated in its final version, this pact comes closer to the research of a minimum consensus between rich and poor states, which guarantees to the first ones freedom to keep on going with the militarization of their borders This text does not contribute, in the real world, in inscribing the inalienable right to freedom to move as stated in the article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. On the contrary, it could even legitimize and justify some regressions in terms of rights of migrants instead of contributing to a governance respectful of the human rights of migrants.

In the way that it does not forbid it, it could even serve to justify policies of exclusion and criminalization of migrants and give substance to the wishes of Northern countries to reinforce chosen immigration, which empties Southern countries from their competencies and institutionalize disposable immigration. Together we call for resistance to the criminalisation of migrant and refugee peoples!

Let us mobilise and act to defend the human rights of all migrants and refugees and strengthen transnational activism and solidarity
In Marrakech the 8th of December 2018

The Steering Committee of the Maghreb Social Forum
For all contact and signature by organizations
FMAS: fmas@menara.ma

Agreement on an international pact of solidarity and unity of action for the full rights of all migrants and refugees

The People’s Summit for a Global Pact of Solidarity with Migrants and Refugees, women and men, celebrated in Marrakech December 8th and 9th of 2018, hosted by La Via Campesina and its member organizations of the Middle East and North Africa (MeNa) Process, specifically Morocco’s National Federation of the Agricultural Sector (FNSA), along with the Moroccan Human Rights Association (AMDH), The Maghreb Coordination of Human Rights Organisations (CMODH) and the Platform of Sub-Saharan Associations and Communities (P. ASCOMS), as well as AlarmPhone and many other movements and communities, announce our proposal to agree upon an International Pact of Solidarity and Unity of Action for the Full Rights of All Migrants and Refugees, women and men, based on the following considerations:

Please click the button below to read the full declaration in Eng, Arab, French

Marrakech, Sunday, December 9, 2018
Social movements and signatory organisations:

  • La Via Campesina
  • Association Marocaine des Droits humains
  • Coordination Maghrébine des Organisations des Droits Humains
  • Plate forme des Associations et Communautés Sub-sahariennes au Maroc
  • Alarm Phone Maroc
  • Alarm Phone Sahara
  • Conseil des Migrants Subsahariens au Maroc
  • Collectif des Femmes Migrantes au Maroc
  • Afrique Europe Interact
  • Communauté Congolaise au Maroc
  • Transnational Migrant Platform Europe
  • Transnational Institute
  • Association des Refoulés d’Afrique Centrale au Mali
  • Association pour la Défense des Emigrés Maliens
  • Association Lumière sur l’Emigration au Maroc

Pour signer la déclaration et les requêtes de presse :
Arabe :
Torkia Chaibi : omnidhal.torkia@gmail.com 0021693116634
Mohamed Hakach : hakechmo@yahoo.fr 00212691008705
English :
Carlos Merentes : cmarentess@gmail.com 001915873893
Français & Español :
Federico Pacheco : pachecofederico@yahoo.es 0034690651046
Cristina Brovia : cri.brovia@gmail.com 00393776840085

Conclusions Peoples Global Action on International Migration, Development and Human Rights

The Global Compact on Migration took an important space during the debates at the Peoples Global Action on International Migration, Development and Human Rights during the Migration week in Marrakech (December 1-11, 2018). Both in the plenary sessions and the workshops. It illustrates the importance that an international framework for the protection and regulation of migration should have. It also represents our diversity within the PGA, similar to the current civil society gathered in Marrakech: a committed civil society ready to exchange and debate despite divergent points of view. Please see the declarations below in French, English, Arabic, Spanish

Update Permanent Peoples Tribunal (PPT) Session on the Violations with Impunity of the Human Rights of Migrant and Refugee Peoples

On July 8, 2017, the official opening of the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal Session on The violations with impunity of the Human Rights of Migrants and Refugee peoples (program) was carried out in the city of Barcelona. The call for action disseminated by TMP-E and TNI focuses its reasons on the necessity “to give visibility to the people of migrant persons as an inviolable subject of rights; to identify and judge the “chain” of co-responsibility along the migratory route leading to the violation of migrant people’s human rights; and to urgently provide and foster adequate measures for access to justice”.

Please see documents of different hearings in 2017-2018

  1. Opening Session – Barcelona, 7-8 July 2017
    The opening act has been promoted by a social platform that includes more than 100 organizations, associations and social movements (see the list of the endorsment) which have been convened by the Transnational Migrant Platform (TMP) and the Transnational Institute of Amsterdam (TI).The Indictment presented to the Tribunal has been supported by a broad spectrum of testimonies and exemplary cases that have reconstructed the structural factors and policies that determine the vulnerability, dependency, disappearance and denial of the future of migrants and refugee people.The general structure and doctrinal orientation of the Indictment has been built around the need to investigate and document the root causes of migration and forced displacement; routes and violations of human rights; the border regime; the policies of exclusion characterising the Fortress Europe, with special attention to the transversal factors, which are the gender issue and the minors.In its concluding remarks, the panel of judges of the PPT, composed by Bridget Anderson (UK), Carlos Beristain (Spain), Jennifer Chiriga (Zimbabwe), Leticia Gutiérrez (Mexico), has made reference to doctrinal aspects of migration, shared experiences of resistance and has formulated, for this Session, perspectives and methodology of work, in consideration of the PPT mission and jurisprudence.As stated by Gianni Tognoni, Secretary General of the PPT, “this opening Session, which will be concluded by the end of 2018, requires a significant extension of the support networks, an intensified collaboration with groups of experts in the different sectors, a rigorous coordination of the various steps and initiatives. This process aims to become a tool for active presence in society, a cultural, political and legal literacy, an indispensable condition for the recognition of migrant and refugee people as inviolable subjects of law”.

2. Hearing of Palermo, 18-20 December 2017
The firstHearing which begins in Palermo, will be dedicated to migratory flows in the Mediterranean, Europe’s southern border, now reduced to a cemetery of horrors. 

3. Hearing of Paris, 4-5 January 2018
This hearing will look at the internal borders of the European Union and the related policies and practices of various member states. 

  • The Indictment (French)
  • The Sentence of the Tribunal (French – Spanish)
  • More information on the hearing can be found at the website of Intercoll (only available in French)

4. Hearing of Barcelona, 29 June – 1 July 2018
In the framework of the Session on the violation of the rights of migrants and refugees, the hearing on the “No rights” spaces will take place in the city of Barcelona from June 29 to July 1, along three axes: Southern border with Spain, Gender, Minors and young people

The Declaration  (Spanish)of the PPT panel of the judges that heard in Barcelona, on the occasion of the hearing on “non-law” spaces (29 June – 1 July 2018) is available in Spanish. Representatives of associations and communities of migrants reported numerous cases of violation of human rights occurring at the southern border of Spain and more generally against women, LGTB communities and minors. 

5. Hearing in London, 3 – 4 November 2018
The Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal will hold a Hearing on The hostile environment on trial, with a focus on the working condition of migrants and refugees. The hearing is part of the Session on The violation of human rights of migrants and refugee peoples (2017-2019):